Historians believe Philip owed debts to the Templars and used the accusations to arrest their leaders and extract, under torture, confessions of heresy in order to seize the order’s riches. The publishing house said the new book includes the “Parchment of Chinon,” a 1308 decision by Clement to save the Templars and their order. Frale said the 3-foot-wide document probably had been ignored because a catalog entry in 1628 was “too vague.” “Unfortunately, there was an archiving error, an error in how the document was described,” she told The Associated Press in a telephone interview from her home in Viterbo, north of Rome. “More than an error, it was a little sketchy.” The parchment, in remarkably good condition considering its 700 years, apparently had last been consulted at the start of the 20th century, Frale said, surmising that its significance must not have been realized then. Frale said she was intrigued by the 1628 entry because, while it apparently referred to some minor matter, it noted that three top cardinals, including Pope Clement’s right-hand man, Berenger Fredol, had made a long journey to interrogate someone. “Going on with my research, it turned out that in reality it was an inquest of very great importance,” she said. Fredol “had gone to question the Great Master and other heads of the Templars who had been segregated, practically kidnapped, by the king of France and shut up in secret in his castle in Chinon on the Loire.” Jacques de Molay, Grand Master of the Templars, was burned at the stake in 1314 along with his aides. The surviving monks fled. Some were absorbed by other orders, and over the centuries, various groups have claimed to be descended from the Templars. As for Clement, he “was a hostage in French territory” on the eve of what historians would call the Avignon period of popes, Frale said. She said the parchment reveals the cardinals reached the conclusion the Templars were guilty of abuses but not “a real and true heresy. There were a lot of faults in the order – abuses, violence … a lot of sins, but not heresy,” she said. Philip had “confiscated all the wealth of the order, which he used to pay his debts,” said Frale, who has written three books about the Templars. “Had the (order) survived, it’s clear that Philip … would have had to give back all” the wealth. “But the king of France had already spent it,” she said.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! VATICAN CITY – It’s not the Holy Grail, but for fans of “The Da Vinci Code” and its tantalizing story line about the Knights Templar, it could be the next best thing. Ignored for centuries, documents about the heresy trial of the ancient Christian order discovered in the Vatican’s secret archives are being published in a limited edition – with an $8,377 price tag. They include a 14th-century parchment showing that Pope Clement V initially absolved the Templar leaders of heresy, though he did find them guilty of immorality and planned to reform the order, according to the Vatican archives Web site. But pressured by King Philip IV of France, Clement later reversed his decision and suppressed the order in 1312. Only 799 copies of the 300-page volume, “Processus Contra Templarios,” – Latin for “Trial against the Templars” – are for sale, said Scrinium publishing house, which prints documents from the Vatican’s secret archives. Each will cost $8,377, the publisher said Friday. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREGame Center: Chargers at Kansas City Chiefs, Sunday, 10 a.m.An 800th copy will go to Pope Benedict XVI, said Barbara Frale, the researcher who found the long-overlooked parchment tucked away in the archives in 2001. The Knights Templar, which ultimately disappeared because of the heresy scandal, recently captivated the imagination of readers of the best-selling novel “The Da Vinci Code,” which linked the order to the legend of the Holy Grail. The new Vatican work reproduces the entire documentation of the papal hearings convened after Philip IV of France arrested and tortured Templar leaders in 1307 on charges of heresy and immorality. The military order of the Poor Knights of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon was founded in 1118 in Jerusalem to protect pilgrims in the Holy Land after the First Crusade. As their military might increased, the Templars also grew in wealth, acquiring property throughout Europe and running a primitive banking system. After they left the Middle East with the collapse of the Crusader kingdoms, their power and secretive ways aroused the fear of European rulers and sparked accusations of corruption and blasphemy.
Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Tags:#Analysis#NYT#web marshall kirkpatrick A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Related Posts Facebook may someday open large amounts of user data in anonymous aggregate for machine analysis, to hunt for patterns and opportunities socially beneficial and otherwise. That data will be made available to developers, but it’s almost certain that consumer search engines won’t be able to use it unless in a limited way. Facebook is in no hurry at all to expose data in that way while it’s still trying to scale its plaform. Data in anonymous aggregate for machine analysis is different though, right?As is, searching public activity is good for search users (though many are skeptical), it’s good for search engines and it’s good for the social networks serving up the data. But is it good for social network users that don’t want their messages showing up in search results? That’s the wrong question to ask because that’s not going to happen. Your Facebook profile is private by default. Your messages and media can’t be seen by anyone but your friends. Some small number of users have chosen to change those settings, some even making everything they do on Facebook publicly visible to the whole world. Clearly some users would find programatic analysis of their activities anonymized and made available in builk to be a violation of privacy – but many more would not and are all ready wide-open. That group is probably made up mostly of self-promoters, marketers, overcompensating lonely people and other exhibitionists. (My profile is public, I fall under the self-promoter category, unfortunately.)Facebook would appreciate it if you would put yourself in this category, too. The company believes that sharing leads to understanding between people, empathy and progress towards world peace. Sharing also provides nice opportunities to advertise. Facebook wants to display lots of your information publicly, but it won’t shoot itself in the foot by breaking its promise to respect your privacy settings – whatever they may be. Is it strange that Facebook, now more populous than all but three nations in the world, has such a clear agenda to change the world’s culture? It is certainly something to be aware of. But Facebook is not going to make your private messages public. Microsoft announced this week that it has made a deal to include public updates from Facebook in its search engine Bing. Some Facebook users expressed concern that their private activities might be exposed to search. The real story is a little more complex. To put it simply: Facebook is not ever going to knowingly expose private activities on the site to public search. We can say that with as much assurance as we can say almost anything about the internet.None the less, Facebook has a clear agenda to convince you the user to willingly expose more information publicy by changing your privacy settings. Multiple Facebook execs have told us so when we asked point blank.Facebook believes that sharing is good for the world. It was founded on making sharing private and secure between friends – so you’d share more – but it hopes in time to make hundreds of millions of people more comfortable sharing publicly.Yesterday’s dueling announcements that Microsoft’s Bing will search both Twitter and Facebook and that Google will search Twitter made it clear that this kind of social information is thought to be a very valuable addition to search. The premise is that traditional web search, based on linking authority, is valuable – but some searches benefit greatly from displaying additional results prioritized by recency or social proxemity. Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market
curt hopkins 12 Unique Gifts for the Hard-to-Shop-for People… 5 Outdoor Activities for Beating Office Burnout 4 Keys to a Kid-Safe App Tags:#music#web 9 Books That Make Perfect Gifts for Industry Ex… Now if there’s one oddball fixation we revel in here it’s ancient sound. Whether it’s Babylonian language, Shakespeare’s accent or chirping Mayan temples, we’re going to pull you aside like an irritatingly insistent music fan who just knows he can turn you on to Hawkwind. Well, it’s that time again, folks. This time, it’s the sound of the two trumpets, one bronze and the other silver, that were buried with the boy Pharaoh, Tutankhamum. They laid sealed away for over 3,200 years in the Pharaoh’s tomb in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings, until that tomb was opened up by Howard Carter in 1922. It was played for the first time in for a BBC recording in 1939. During the recent uprising in Egypt, the bronze trumpet was stolen, then later recovered in a bag on the Cairo subway. The trumpets are decorated with Egyptian gods with military associations. According to trumpeter and historian Don L. Smithers, on the Taps Bugler site, the longer trumpet is in the key of Bb and the other is in C.Listen to the trumpets being played in 1939 by British soldier, James Tappern.Other sources: A Blog About History Related Posts
TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say REVEALED: Man Utd have edge on Chelsea in Eder Militao battleby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United enjoy an edge on Chelsea in any shootout for Porto defender Eder Militao.UOL Esporte says Militao’s release clause stands at €50m (£45m) and the player’s agent Kia Joorabchian will try to ensure United meet that valuation next month.The 20-year-old was watched by United scouts recently as Porto ran out 4-1 winners over Portimonense.But Militao is also being chased by Everton and Chelsea.However, the Blues would have to overcome differences with Joorabchian and Militao’s other representatives Giuliano Bertolucci and Jorge Ulisses to secure a deal.United boss Jose Mourinho also boasts close links with Porto after their previous success together.
Art lovers Belinda Gray and Sally Ball, from East Anglia, are organising one of the UK’s best contemporary art and sculpture shows in aid of Breast Cancer Now, the UK’s largest breast cancer charity dedicated to funding research into this devastating disease, and local services.The event, called Art for Cure, will be held in the magnificent house and grounds of Glemham Hall, Suffolk, from Saturday 30th April – Monday 2nd May 2016, 10am-5pm.The exhibition is set to raise more than £100,000 towards the charity’s life-saving research.More than 80 artists and sculptors will be exhibiting, including the renowned Vanessa Gardiner, Henrietta Dubrey, Maggi Hambling, Michael Speller, Carol Peace and Paul Vanstone, as well as superb artists drawn from Suffolk’s great wealth of talent.Each exhibitor has agreed to donate a percentage of their sales to support the cause, which is extremely close to both Art for Cure founders, Belinda and Sally, who have each been treated for breast cancer in the last four years.This year’s event follows in the footsteps of its remarkable success in 2014 when Art for Cure first launched, following Belinda’s breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. Belinda and best friend Sally’s combined love of art saw them team up to raise vital funds towards breast cancer research – recruiting a selection of artists and sculptures the powerful duo held the exhibition at Belinda’s country home and hoped to raise a little more than £10,000. Much to their delight and surprise the event became an overnight success and within the first weekend they had raised a staggering £100,000.During the planning of Art for Cure 2014, Sally detected a lump and was also diagnosed with breast cancer – with the support of her friends and family she underwent treatment and is now in remission and busy with final preparations for Art for Cure 2016. Keen to make this event even bigger than the last, Sally and Belinda have not only recruited the best names in art and sculpting, but in addition have a selection of TV and music’s finest on board. Celebrities including Ed Sheeran, Elizabeth Hurley, Dominic West, Jim Broadbent, Dame Judi Dench, Joanna Lumley, Dame Joan Collins, Andy Murray, Delia Smith, Yotam Ottolenghi and Gaby Roslin to name a few have all taken part in Art for Cure’s Make Your Mark initiative drawing doodles, sketches and masterpieces which will be auctioned off online from Monday 18th April to help bring in more funds, visit: www.the-saleroom.com/makeyourmark.Multi-award-winning singer songwriter Ed Sheeran said: “I am thrilled to support Art for Cure, a great local charity giving hope and support to breast cancer patients.”Belinda said: “We’re looking forward to welcoming everybody, those who are local and those further afield, to our second Art for Cure exhibition. We hope that together, through the sales of paintings, prints and sculptures, we will raise a phenomenal amount to support this vital cause.“Having experienced breast cancer myself, and seeing my dear friend Sally go through it, I can’t stress how important it is that we help to fund research into this disease and make sure that future generations don’t have to experience what we have.”Sally said: “Art for Cure means an incredible amount to us, it’s not just an exhibition – it’s a show which brings together so much talent from across the country and lets the community be part of it.“Art is a passion for so many, and raising funds to help beat breast cancer is a passion for us, so bringing the two together is the perfect way to help make a real difference.”Kirsty Berrigan, Community Engagement Officer at Breast Cancer Now, said: “We are so glad to see this incredible event back as an even bigger and better exhibition. One in eight women will face breast cancer in their lifetime, and nearly 700,000 people living in the UK today have experienced a diagnosis. Art for Cure will contribute to Breast Cancer Now’s life-saving research and we are so grateful that Belinda and Sally chose to support us for their second Art for Cure instalment. We wish Belinda and Sally and all involved in this wonderful event every success.”Breast Cancer Now is bringing together all those affected by the disease to improve the way breast cancer is prevented, detected and treated in order to stop the disease and move from a time when people fear breast cancer to a generation where everybody lives.Art for Cure is open daily to the public from 10am to 5pm, from Saturday 30th April – Monday 2nd May. Find out more here.
APTN National NewsThere’s a new twist on the fate of the First Nation Control of First Nation Education Act.A hearing scheduled this week for a Federal Court judicial review of the Act launched by the Assembly of First Nations in Quebec and Labrador was postponed following the surfacing of a document signed by the former national chief of the AFN Shawn Atleo.Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs Grand Chief Derek Nepinak discusses the issue with APTN.